Vaccination and Child Survival (Optimunise Project)
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
International child health programmes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are justified in terms of their impact on child survival. However, the estimated effects are usually calculated from performance indicators and assumptions about efficacy based on small-scale target-specific studies. This approach is clearly not sufficient as there is little follow-up of how the programmes are implemented in real life. The Vaccine Group which started as an Interest Group has the following objectives:
- To examine the non-specific effects on child survival of specific vaccines and other childhood interventions.
- To examine the impact of vaccinations on child survival at selected INDEPTH Centres.
- To register information routinely on all interventions in childhood, such as all vaccinations, micronutrient supplementation and de-worming given at health centres or in campaigns.
- To utilise the information gathered to measure the overall health impact of child health programmes.
- To measure the non-specific and specific effects of modification in current practice (see early measles vacination trial)