To track progress towards the Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP) vision to end preventable maternal and newborn deaths and stillbirths, data are on both outcomes and coverage
of interventions are essential to ensure we are reaching those in need, especially the poorest families. Most of the almost 6 million deaths at birth occur in settings with the least data. ENAP set milestones for 2020 for data improvement since this will be fundamental for more rapid progress. The five-year, multi-partner ENAP Measurement Improvement Roadmap details steps to meet the key ENAP milestones and has been developed with wide consultation, including a WHO meeting of 50 experts held in December 2014, a series of consultation sessions throughout 2015 and is coordinated via the ENAP metrics group. The principle is to link to and contribute to the wider Measurement and Accountability for Health roadmap.

The Maternal, Newborn & Child Health Working Group (MNCH-WG) of the INDEPTH Network, together with London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, were awarded a grant from the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) to conduct research to improve metrics around the time of pregnancy and birth, a key priority for the sustainable development goals. Specifically, the research will focus on three objectives, which are to:

1. Improve household survey capture of stillbirths and neonatal deaths in terms of assessing pregnancy history compared to live birth history modules;

2. Improve household survey capture of birth weight and gestational age by assessing various methods for measuring these outcomes in surveys;

3. Optimise the HDSS data capture of pregnancy outcomes (stillbirths, neonatal deaths, birth weight and gestational age) to link and compare with survey data to examine who is missing and why.